Subject Index

Past issues of The Puget Sound Economic Forecaster are available to web site subscribers. The newsletters constitute a running account of the regional economy's ups and downs since 1993. Although the forecasts may become outdated, much of the description of the economy's past behavior (e.g., the high-tech boom and bust, the impact of international trade, the factors affecting retail sales growth, and the powerful role of the mortgage rate in the housing market) is still relevant today.

A comprehensive subject index of the archived newsletters has been developed to help readers obtain information about the nature and behavior of the Puget Sound economy.

Following is the current version of the subject index. Note that in the Visitor Area the links from the subjects to the newsletters are not activated.

  • Agglomeration:
    • and role of telecommunications: 9/16, p6;
    • nature of: 9/16, p6;
    • urban-rural trends in: 9/16, p6;
  • Agriculture:
    • Puget Sound:
      • sales: 12/10, p6;
    • Washington:
      • employment: 12/10, p6;
      • farms: 12/10, p6;
      • products: 12/10, p6;
      • sales: 12/10, p6;
  • Aluminum industry:
    • economic impact of: 9/11, p6;
    • electric power and the: 9/11, p6;
    • history of: 9/11, p6;
  • Apportionment:
    • in U.S. Constitution: 3/11, p6;
    • population: 3/11, p6;
    • process of: 3/11, p6;
  • Asia:
    • economic crisis in: 11/97, p2; 2/98, p2; 5/99, p1-2; 3/09, p5;
  • Banks:
    • asset quality of: 8/96, p6;
    • consolidation of: 8/96, p6;
    • Washington state commercial: 8/96, p6;
  • Boeing:
    • 737 Max: 12/11, p2;
    • 777X: 12/13, p2-3;
    • 787 (7e7) plant location: 9/03, p6; 3/10, p6;
    • acquisitions: 2/97, p2;
    • airplane deliveries: 3/06, p2;
    • airplane orders: 3/06, p1-3;
    • and labor unions: 3/10, p6; 12/11, p1-2;
    • and Microsoft compared: 11/97, p6;
    • and regional growth: 11/98, p1; 3/06, p1;
    • competition with Airbus: 11/99, p2; 3/06, p1-3;
    • downturn: 12/93, p1-2; 2/99, p1-3;
    • employment:
      • 1960-05: 3/06, p2;
      • forecasting: 3/06, p3;
    • growth engine: 9/02, p2-3;
    • headquarters move: 5/01, p2;
    • history of: 3/06, p1-2;
    • impact of: 12/93, p1-2; 2/97, p6; 2/99, p2; 9/03, p1-2; 3/06, p2;
    • multiplier: 11/97, p6; 2/99, p2; 2/99, p6;
    • operating characteristics: 11/97, p6;
    • recession of 1970-71: 11/98, p6;
    • South Carolina 787 plant:
      • impact on Puget Sound region: 12/09, p2;
      • reasons for: 12/09, p1-2;
    • strike: 11/95, p1; 2/96, p3; 9/05, p2;
  • California:
    • economic characteristics of: 3/06, p6;
    • economic outlook: 3/06, p6;
    • industrial structure: 3/06, p6;
    • Puget Sound relation to: 3/06, p6;
  • Census:
    • 2000: 5/01, p6;
    • 2010: 3/12, p6;
    • measurement procedures: 5/01, p6;
    • of population: 5/01, p6;
    • socio-economic characteristics: 3/12, p6;
    • undercount problem: 5/01, p6;
  • China:
    • and U.S. trade: 12/02, p6;
    • economic characteristics of: 12/02, p6;
    • economic growth of: 12/02, p6;
    • economic problems of: 12/02, p6;
  • Construction (also see housing):
    • and economic growth: 9/08, p2;
    • commercial: 12/93, p5; 2/96, p5; 2/98, p5;
    • office: 5/95, p6; 2/96, p5;
  • Consumer expenditures:
    • by type: 6/02, p6;
    • comparison of Puget Sound and U.S.: 6/02, p6;
    • consumer confidence and: 9/07, p1;
    • economic role of, 2000-03: 12/04, p1-3;
    • factors affecting:
      • customer service: 12/11, p3;
      • housing prices: 9/06, p1-2;
      • income: 12/04, p2;
      • interest rates and debt servicing: 12/04, p2;
      • Microsoft dividend: 12/04, p2;
      • net worth and refinancing: 12/04, p2;
      • savings and debt: 12/04, p2;
      • taxes: 12/04, p2;
    • Puget Sound: 6/02, p6;
    • relation to:
      • disposable personal income: 12/04, p1-2;
      • Gross Domestic Product: 12/04, p1-2;
  • Consumer price index:
    • and growth: 5/96, p2-3;
    • components of: 11/00, p6;
    • determinants of: 11/95, p6;
    • economic bahavior of: 6/08, p6;
    • history of Seattle: 11/95, p6;
    • history of U.S.: 11/95, p6;
    • importance of: 11/00, p6;
    • measurement problems with: 5/97, p2;
    • relation to U.S. consumer price index: 11/95, p6; 11/00, p6;
    • versus cost of living index: 11/95, p6; 12/04, p6;
  • Cost of living index:
    • change in: 12/04, p6;
    • defined: 12/04, p6;
    • housing costs and: 12/04, p6;
    • Seattle, Tacoma, and U.S.: 12/04, p6;
    • versus consumer price index: 12/04, p6;
  • Cycles:
    • characteristics of: 5/98, p6; 6/08, p1-3;
    • defined: 5/98, p6; 6/08, p2;
    • dot-com boom and: 6/08, p1;
    • history of: 5/98, p6; 6/08, p1-2;
    • modeling trends and: 9/15, p6;
    • nature of: 6/08, p1-3;
    • past: 8/96, p2-3;
    • Puget Sound: 6/08, p2-3;
    • recessions and: 6/08, p1-2;
    • trends and: 6/15, p1-2;
  • Data:
    • measurement error in: 8/01, p6; 3/10, p1; 3/12, p1;
    • note on interpreting: 6/05, p1;
    • revisions: 2/96, p1; 12/06, p1;
  • Defense:
    • spending: 4/94, p6;
  • Demographic trends:
    • aging population: 8/95, p6;
    • and labor force participation: 8/95, p6;
    • effect on economic growth of: 8/95, p6;
    • implications for regional development of: 8/95, p6;
  • Depression:
    • definition of: 6/12, p1-2;
    • Great Depression: 6/12, p-2-3;
  • Dollar:
    • and the 1980s boom: 6/05, p1;
    • factors affecting value of: 3/04, p6;
    • foreign currency exchange rates: 3/04, p6;
    • impact of: 6/05, p2-3;
    • international trade and value of: 3/04, p6; 3/08, p3;
  • Economic behavior:
    • back-of-the-envelope calculations of: 6/17, p6;
    • Brownian motion and: 12/03, p1;
    • of consumers: 12/03, p1;
    • of Puget Sound businesses: 12/03, p2;
    • of slowdowns: 9/06, p1-3;
    • of the consumer price index: 6/08, p6;
    • of the unemployment rate: 6/08, p6;
    • psychology and: 9/07, p1;
    • regional: 6/08, p6; 3/10, p1-2; 9/15, p1-2; 6/17, p6;
    • rules of thumb: 6/08, p6;
  • Economic bubbles (see also housing bubbles):
    • characteristics of: 9/08, p6; 3/09, p6;
    • dot-com: 9/08, p6;
    • housing: 9/08, p6; 3/09, p6;
    • opportunity cost of: 9/09, p1;
    • Tulip Mania: 9/08, p6;
  • Economic development:
    • exports and: 8/98, p3;
    • factors affecting: 2/97, p3; 12/16, p2-3;
    • quality of life and: 9/04, p6; 3/07, p6;
    • strategy:
      • considerations: 9/04, p6;
      • reasons for: 9/04, p6;
      • Washington Works Worldwide: 9/04, p6;
    • taxes and: 2/97, p3;
  • Economic diversity:
    • Boeing and: 2/97, p6;
    • industrial: 2/00, p6;
    • Microsoft and: 2/97, p6;
    • perspective on: 2/97, p6;
  • Economic policy:
    • fiscal: 6/10, p3; 9/10, p1-2;
    • monetary: 6/10, p2-3; 9/10, p1-2;
    • simulations of: 9/10, p1-2;
  • Economic recovery:
    • and demand for labor: 3/11, p1-3; 3/15, p1-3; 3/15, 1-3;
    • and federal policies: 6/14, p1-3; 6/15, p1-3;
    • and labor productivity: 3/11, p1-3; 6/15, p3;
    • and politics: 9/11, p1-2;
    • and role of U.S. economy: 6/14, p3; 3/17, p1-2;
    • and taxable retail sales: 6/11, p4; 9/11, p4;
    • and virtuous cycle: 12/12, p2-3;
    • fragility of: 6/11, p1;
    • from Great Recession by county: 6/14, p3;
    • impact of Boeing and Amazon on: 6/15, p3;
    • importance of demand in: 6/11, p1-3;
    • Reagan: 6/15, p2-3;
    • shocks and: 9/11, p1;
    • stages of: 3/11, p1;
  • Economic report card:
    • growth: 2/00, p6;
    • industrial diversity: 2/00, p6;
    • inflation: 2/00, p6;
    • per capita income: 2/00, p6;
    • stability: 2/00, p6;
    • unemployment: 2/00, p6;
  • Economic resilience:
    • business:
      • diversification: 6/12, p6;
      • lay-offs: 6/12, p6;
    • government:
      • transfer payments: 6/12, p6;
    • labor:
      • migration: 6/12, p6;
      • self-employment: 6/12, p6;
  • Economic slowdowns:
    • and accelerator principle: 9/06, p1-2;
    • and housing market: 9/06, p1-2; 9/06, p5;
    • construction employment and: 6/08, p5;
    • nature of: 9/06, p1-3;
  • Economy:
    • and politics: 3/13, p1;
    • and the stock market: 3/15, p1-2;
    • national:
      • expansion of the 1990s: 5/99, p1-2;
      • historical growth of: 9/14, p1-2;
    • regional:
      • 1990-95 slow growth period: 5/95, p2;
      • and President Trump: 12/16, p1-3; 3/17, p1-2;
      • expansions: 6/17, p1-2;
      • factors affecting long-run growth of: 8/99, p1; 8/00, p3;
      • history lessons: 3/17, p6;
      • history of: 9/15, p1-2;
      • long-range forecast of: 7/94, p2-3; 8/95, p2-3; 8/96, p2-3; 8/97, p2-3; 8/98, p2-3; 8/99, p2-3; 8/00, p2-3; 8/01, p3; 2/02, p2-3; 9/03, p2-3; 9/04, p3; 9/05, p3; 9/06, p3; 9/07, p3; 9/08, p3; 9/09, p3; 9/10, p3; 9/11, p3; 9/12, p3; 9/13, p3; 9/14, p3; 9/15, p3;
      • nature of: 3/05, p2; 6/08, p6;
      • relation to U.S. economy: 5/95, p1; 9/14, p2-3;
      • structure: 12/15, p3;
      • timeline: 12/13, p6; 3/14, p6;
      • traits of: 9/15, p2; 3/17, p6;
  • Employment:
    • and productivity: 3/10, p2-3; 3/11, p1-3;
    • and recessions: 3/10, p1-3;
    • economic recovery and: 3/11, p1-3;
    • estimating: 3/12, p1-2;
  • Energy:
    • crisis and its causes: 5/01, p2-3;
    • impact of high cost of: 5/01, p2-3; 12/05, p1-3;
  • Entrepreneurs:
    • and proprietors: 12/05, p6;
    • as drivers of regional economy: 12/05, p6;
    • concept of: 12/05, p6;
    • estimating: 12/05, p6;
  • Federal debt:
    • causes of growth in FY2000-09: 6/10, p6;
    • defined: 6/10, p6;
    • fiscal policy and: 6/10, p6;
    • history of: 6/10, p6;
    • problems created by: 6/10, p6;
  • Fiscal cliff:
    • impact of: 6/12, p1-3; 12/12, p1-3;
    • nature of: 12/12, p1-2;
  • Forecasting:
    • 1990-91 regional slowdown: 12/15, p1-3;
    • accuracy: 11/96, p6; 6/06, p2; 6/07, p6; 9/07, p1; 9/07, p6; 12/07, p2; 12/09, p6; 3/13, p6; 3/16, p6;
    • and timing: 9/12, p5;
    • apartment vacancy rate and rent: 12/15, p5;
    • caveats: 12/03, p6;
    • difficulties of: 11/01, p1-2; 3/05, p1; 3/05, p6;
    • errors: 11/94, p6; 11/96, p6; 8/99, p6; 5/00, p4; 12/03, p6; 6/07, p6; 12/09, p6; 3/12, p2-3; 3/13, p6; 9/13, p1; 12/13, p1-2;
    • ex ante test: 12/09, p6;
    • hints: 9/10, p6;
    • importance of assessing current conditions in: 3/10, p5;
    • importance of exogenous variables in: 12/02, p6; 12/09, p6;
    • long-range:
      • "Black Swans" and: 9/07, p6;
      • accuracy: 9/07, p6; 9/12, p3; 9/16, p1-2;
      • experiences: 9/07, p6;
      • methodology: 9/07, p6;
    • measurement errors and: 8/01, p6; 6/06, p1-2; 12/06, p1; 6/11, p1;
    • methodology: 11/94, p6; 2/02, p6; 9/15, p6;
    • miscellaneous variables:
      • elderly population: 9/03, p3;
      • Gross Regional Product: 9/03, p3;
      • households: 9/03, p3;
      • migration: 9/03, p3;
      • passenger cars: 9/03, p3;
      • restaurants and bars: 9/03, p3;
      • taxable retail sales: 9/15, p6;
      • United Way contributions: 9/03, p3;
    • reasons for: 11/94, p6;
    • recessions: 12/93, p6; 12/07, p2; 12/09, p1; 12/09, p6; 3/13, p6;
    • recoveries: 12/09, p1; 3/12, p2;
    • uncertainty and: 12/07, p1; 9/12, p1-3;
    • with Puget Sound Forecasting Model: 2/02, p6; 12/09, p6;
  • Great Depression:
    • and 2008-09 recession: 12/08, p6; 6/12, p1-2;
    • economic impact of: 12/08, p6;
    • history of: 12/08, p6;
    • speculation and: 12/08, p6;
  • Great Recession:
    • "Income and Wage Gap Across the US": 9/14, p6;
    • and retail sales: 12/13, p4;
    • and tax revenue: 12/13, p3;
    • cost of: 9/13, p1-2;
    • forecasting recession and recovery: 9/13, p1; 12/13, p1-2;
    • recovery: 9/13, p2; 9/13, p4;
    • winners and losers: 9/14, p6;
  • Gross Domestic Product:
    • defined: 12/07, p6;
    • estimating: 12/07, p6;
    • Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA): 12/07, p6;
    • production function: 12/11, p6;
    • Puget Sound: 12/07, p6;
    • sources of growth:
      • capital: 12/11, p6;
      • labor: 12/11, p6;
      • technology: 12/11, p6;
    • usefulness of: 12/07, p6;
  • Growth:
    • and inflation: 5/96, p2-3;
    • Boeing and: 11/98, p1;
    • catching up to long-term: 9/09, p3;
    • misleading measurements of: 9/09, p5;
    • of economy and presidential elections: 3/04, p1;
    • potential: 9/09, p3;
    • Puget Sound:
      • 1970-00: 9/02, p6;
      • and rest of Washington state: 2/97, p1-3;
      • and U.S. growth, 1970-00: 9/02, p6;
      • during Great Recession and recovery: 12/14, p2-3;
      • history of: 9/15, p1-2;
      • in the 1990s: 9/02, p6; 12/14, p1-3;
    • regional economic:
      • Douglass North and Charles Tiebout: 12/14, p1-2;
      • model: 12/14, p1-2;
      • theory: 12/14, p1-2;
    • statistics: 2/96, p6;
    • U.S. economy and regional: 11/98, p1;
  • Growth Management Act:
    • and housing affordability: 5/99, p6;
    • and multi-family housing: 8/97, p5;
    • assessment of: 5/99, p6;
    • long-range forecasts: 5/99, p6;
  • Households:
    • formation of: 11/94, p5;
  • Housing:
    • construction:
      • and recessions: 11/00, p5;
      • economic impact of: 9/08, p5;
      • jobs: 9/15, p5;
    • multi-family:
      • apartment and office vacancy rates compared: 6/02, p5;
      • apartment and single-family markets compared: 6/07, p5; 12/07, p5; 6/12, p5; 12/12, p5;
      • apartment rent: 12/93, p4; 2/97, p5; 5/00, p5; 6/10, p5; 12/12, p5; 12/13, p5; 3/15, p5; 12/16, p5;
      • apartment vacancy: 2/97, p5; 5/00, p5; 6/10, p5; 12/12, p5; 6/13, p5; 12/16, p5;
      • buy-rent decision: 12/09, p5;
      • construction: 5/98, p5; 5/99, p2; 6/11, p5;
      • construction slowdown in early 1990s: 8/97, p5;
      • cost trends: 11/96, p5;
      • economic and demographic factors affecting: 7/94, p5; 8/96, p5; 11/99, p5; 12/05, p5; 6/06, p5;
      • effect of housing bubble on: 6/15, p5;
      • effect of mortgage rate on: 6/03, p5; 12/04, p5;
      • forecasting: 3/14, p5; 3/17, p5;
      • Growth Management Act and: 8/97, p5;
      • history of: 11/95, p5;
      • impact of 2001-02 recession on: 12/02, p5; 6/05, p5;
      • impact of housing affordability on: 6/05, p5; 12/05, p5; 6/06, p5; 12/06, p5;
      • impact of unemployment rate on: 6/10, p5;
      • long-term prospects for: 9/14, p5;
      • Puget Sound and U.S.: 11/98, p5;
      • relation to single-family market: 12/14, p5;
      • supply of: 8/00, p6;
      • trends: 6/16, p5;
      • U.S. comparison: 11/95, p5;
    • real estate (see also single-family housing):
      • jobs: 9/15, p5;
    • single-family:
      • affordability and home prices: 3/08, p5; 3/09, p5; 3/15, p5;
      • affordability and mortgage rates: 3/09, p5;
      • affordability of: 5/97, p5; 5/98, p5; 8/99, p5; 8/00, p6; 12/04, p5; 3/09, p5; 9/16, p5;
      • and apartment markets compared: 6/07, p5; 12/07, p5;
      • and role in economic recoveries: 6/12, p5;
      • buy-rent decision: 12/09, p5;
      • Case-Shiller and CoreLogic prices: 12/11, p5;
      • comparison of Puget Sound and U.S.: 11/95, p5;
      • construction: 12/93, p5; 5/98, p5; 6/17, p5;
      • cost trends: 11/96, p5;
      • credit illiquidity and: 9/07, p1-2;
      • difficulty of forecasting: 9/12, p5;
      • economic and demographic factors affecting: 5/96, p5; 8/96, p5; 8/99, p5; 11/99, p5; 9/06, p5;
      • effect of housing bubble on: 6/15, p5;
      • effect of mortgage rate on: 4/94, p5; 2/95, p5; 2/01, p5; 8/01, p5; 12/04, p5; 9/05, p5; 12/05, p3;
      • factors affecting: 9/10, p5; 9/13, p5;
      • forecasting: 3/14, p5; 3/17, p5;
      • geographical differences in prices of: 8/98, p5; 3/13, p5;
      • high-tech impact on prices of: 5/01, p5;
      • historical facts: 6/14, p5; 6/14, p5;
      • history of: 11/95, p5;
      • homeownership rates: 8/00, p6;
      • impact of 2001-03 recession on: 2/02, p5; 12/02, p5;
      • impact of housing affordability on: 12/06, p5;
      • long-term prospects for: 9/14, p5;
      • market index: 9/07, p5;
      • Microsoft impact on: 8/00, p5;
      • millennials and demand for: 3/16, p5;
      • price bubble: 3/03, p5; 9/04, p5;
      • price indexes: 9/11, p5;
      • price trend: 12/13, p5;
      • prices and distressed sales: 9/11, p5; 12/11, p5;
      • prices and economic slowdown: 9/06, p1-2;
      • prices and the economy: 3/12, p5;
      • prices by county: 5/01, p5; 9/13, p5;
      • prices for Seattle and U.S.: 3/03, p5; 9/06, p5; 3/08, p5;
      • relation to multi-family market: 12/14, p5;
      • speculative demand: 9/04, p5; 3/06, p5; 9/07, p1-2;
      • supply of: 8/00, p6;
      • The Windermere Index: 3/03, p6;
      • trends: 6/16, p5;
      • units and households: 3/05, p5;
      • vacancy rate: 3/05, p5;
  • Housing bubbles:
    • behavior of: 9/08, p6; 12/08, p2-3; 3/09, p6;
    • economic impact of: 12/08, p2; 3/09, p6;
    • history of: 12/08, p5;
    • Puget Sound: 9/08, p6; 12/08, p1-3; 3/09, p6;
  • Impact analysis:
    • limitations of: 11/01, p6;
    • objective of: 11/01, p6;
    • of 2001-03 recession: 11/01, p6;
    • procedure: 11/01, p6;
  • Import substitution:
    • challenge of matchmaking: 6/16, p6;
    • theory of: 6/16, p6;
  • Income:
    • inequality:
      • and corporate profits: 3/14, p2;
      • and underutilized workers: 3/14, p2;
    • personal:
      • and economic welfare: 9/13, p6;
      • and Gross Domestic Product: 9/13, p6;
      • determinants of: 9/13, p6;
  • Inflation (see also consumer price index):
    • and 1981-82 recession: 12/05, p2;
    • and cost of living: 12/05, p1;
    • and productivity: 6/14, p6;
    • defined: 12/05, p1;
    • impact of: 12/05, p1-2;
  • Initiative 1033:
    • impact on state and local government: 12/09, p2;
    • tax and spending lid: 12/09, p2;
  • Input-output:
    • accounting system: 6/11, p6;
    • models:
      • forecasting and simulations with: 6/11, p6;
      • impact analysis with: 6/11, p6;
    • table for Washington: 6/11, p6;
  • Interest rates:
    • and expected inflation: 12/05, p2;
    • nature of: 12/05, p2;
    • real: 12/05, p2;
    • spread: 3/06, p8;
    • spread as leading indicator: 3/06, p8;
  • Investment:
    • and economic growth: 12/11, p6;
    • role of: 12/11, p6;
  • King County:
    • and 2001-03 recession: 6/03, p2-3; 3/05, p3; 6/07, p2-3;
    • Boeing impact on: 4/94, p2; 11/95, p2; 11/99, p2-3;
    • defense spending: 4/94, p6;
    • economy: 4/94, p2-3; 11/95, p3; 5/97, p2-3; 11/99, p2-3; 6/03, p2-3; 6/04, p3; 6/07, p2-3;
    • investment in Seattle: 5/97, p3;
    • long-range forecast: 9/06, p3-4;
  • Kitsap County:
    • and 2001-03 recession: 6/03, p3; 3/05, p3;
    • commuter impact on: 11/95, p3; 11/99, p3;
    • defense cutbacks and: 5/97, p3;
    • defense impact on: 4/94, p3; 11/99, p3;
    • defense spending in: 4/94, p6;
    • diversification efforts: 11/95, p3;
    • economy: 4/94, p2-3; 11/95, p3; 5/97, p3; 11/99, p3; 6/03, p3; 6/04, p3; 6/07, p3;
    • isolation of: 6/07, p3;
    • long-range forecast: 9/06, p3-4;
  • Labor:
    • earnings: 3/11, p3;
    • measures of demand for: 3/11, p2;
    • productivity: 3/11, p3;
  • Labor force:
    • aging of: 6/04, p6;
    • female participation in: 6/04, p6;
    • hidden unemployment in: 6/04, p6;
    • implications of slowing growth of: 6/04, p6;
    • reasons for slowing growth of: 6/04, p6;
    • short-run fluctuations in: 6/04, p6;
  • Leading index:
    • and explicit forecasting: 12/11, p8; 12/16, p6;
    • as complementary forecasting method: 3/05, p1; 3/05, p6;
    • as predictor of recessions: 12/06, p8; 12/07, p8;
    • Boeing backlog-delivery ratio: 12/05, p8;
    • components of: 3/05, p6;
    • defined: 12/93, p8; 3/05, p6;
    • effectiveness of: 3/05, p6; 3/07, p1-3;
    • forecasting the: 3/05, p8;
    • help-wanted ads: 6/05, p8;
    • history of U.S.: 12/16, p6;
    • length of leads in: 11/01, p8; 3/05, p6;
    • mathematical approximation of: 12/16, p6;
  • Leading indicators:
    • ECRI Leading Index: 12/08, p3; 3/09, p3; 6/09, p3; 9/09, p2; 12/10, p1;
    • home prices: 12/08, p3; 3/09, p3; 6/09, p3; 9/09, p3; 12/10, p1;
    • LIBOR rate: 12/08, p3; 3/09, p3; 6/09, p3; 9/09, p3; 12/10, p1;
    • stock market: 12/08, p3; 3/09, p3; 6/09, p3; 9/09, p2-3; 12/10, p1;
  • Location:
    • decision-making process: 9/03, p6;
    • of Boeing 787 (7e7) plant: 9/03, p6; 3/10, p6;
    • of businesses: 9/03, p6;
  • Manufacturing:
    • and services: 2/95, p6;
    • de-industrialization myth: 2/95, p6;
    • importance of: 11/96, p2-3;
    • production and employment: 2/95, p6;
    • regional share of U.S.: 2/96, p3;
    • role in economy: 2/95, p6;
  • Microsoft:
    • and Boeing compared: 11/97, p6;
    • anti-trust trial: 11/97, p2; 11/99, p1-2; 5/00, p1-2;
    • diversification: 2/97, p2;
    • dividend payment: 12/04, p3; 3/05, p1-2;
    • growth engine: 9/02, p2-3;
    • impact of: 2/97, p6; 5/00, p3;
    • impact on single-family housing: 8/00, p5;
    • multiplier: 11/97, p6;
    • operating characteristics: 11/97, p6;
  • Migration:
    • employment and: 7/94, p6; 12/06, p2; 12/14, p1-2;
    • history of: 7/94, p6;
    • impact of: 12/06, p2;
  • Minimum wage:
    • economic impact of higher: 3/14, p3;
    • fair: 12/13, p2-3; 3/14, p2-3;
    • opposition to: 12/13, p3;
  • Multipliers:
    • concept of: 12/14, p1;
    • estimating: 2/99, p6;
    • evidence of: 2/99, p6;
    • in reverse: 2/99, p6;
    • size of: 2/99, p6;
    • types of: 2/99, p6;
  • NAICS:
    • and SIC compared: 6/03, p6;
    • imperfections in: 6/03, p6;
    • industries and their status: 3/04, p2-3;
    • purpose of: 6/03, p6;
  • Natural disasters:
    • economic impact of: 5/01, p1-2;
    • impact of Hurricane Katrina: 9/05, p6;
  • New economy:
    • dot-com shakeout: 8/00, p2; 5/01, p3;
    • doubts about: 2/00, p1;
    • in region: 2/00, p1;
    • notion of: 2/00, p1;
    • role of productivity in: 2/00, p3;
    • setback: 5/00, p1-3;
  • Pacific Northwest:
    • economy: 8/97, p6;
    • trends in early 1990s: 8/97, p6;
  • Per capita income:
    • and economic welfare: 6/05, p6;
    • determinants of: 6/05, p6;
    • Puget Sound and U.S.: 6/05, p6;
    • ranking: 6/05, p6;
  • Pierce County:
    • and 2001-03 recession: 6/03, p3; 3/05, p3;
    • defense impact on: 4/94, p3;
    • defense spending: 4/94, p6;
    • economic attributes: 11/95, p3;
    • economic stability of: 11/99, p3;
    • economy: 4/94, p2-3; 11/95, p3; 5/97, p3; 11/99, p3; 6/03, p3; 6/04, p3; 6/07, p3;
    • Intel plant: 11/95, p3;
    • investment in Tacoma: 5/97, p3; 6/07, p3;
    • long-range forecast: 9/06, p3-4;
  • Population:
    • and employment growth: 12/14, p1-2;
    • and migration: 7/94, p6;
    • Census estimates of county: 5/01, p6;
    • change:
      • and employment growth: 9/10, p6; 3/11, p6;
      • and household formation: 12/06, p2;
      • and political power: 3/11, p6;
      • definition of: 12/06, p6;
      • economic impact of: 12/06, p2-3; 12/06, p6;
      • geographical trends in: 3/11, p6;
      • predictability of: 12/06, p6;
      • regional and national: 9/10, p6;
      • simulation analysis: 12/06, p3;
      • variability of: 12/06, p6;
    • estimating:
      • census method of: 12/12, p6;
      • component method of: 12/12, p6;
      • regression method of: 12/12, p6;
  • Productivity:
    • and "The Logic of Wage-Price Arithmetic": 6/14, p6;
    • and compensation: 6/14, p6;
    • and inflation: 6/14, p6;
    • and the new economy: 11/00, p2-3; 2/01, p6;
    • by industry: 11/00, p2-3; 2/01, p6;
    • causes of growth in: 3/11, p3;
    • debate: 11/00, p2-3; 2/01, p6;
    • fluctuations in labor: 3/11, p3;
    • impact on employment: 3/10, p2-3;
    • importance of: 2/01, p6; 3/11, p3;
    • potential growth rate: 5/99, p2;
  • Rankings:
    • cost of living: 9/05, p6;
    • housing affordability: 9/05, p6;
    • overpriced cities: 9/05, p6;
    • per capita income: 6/05, p6;
    • problems with: 9/05, p6;
    • traffic congestion: 9/05, p6;
  • Recession:
    • 1969-71: 6/10, p1; 6/10, p2;
    • 1981-82: 6/10, p1; 6/10, p2-3;
    • 2001-03: 11/01, p1; 6/06, p1; 3/07, p1-2; 3/08, p2; 6/09, p2; 6/10, p1; 6/10, p3;
    • 2008-10: 6/09, p2; 12/09, p3; 12/10, p1-2; 12/12, p1-2;
    • and debt: 3/13, p2;
    • and implications for economic policy: 12/02, p2-3;
    • and retail sales: 3/09, p4; 9/10, p4; 12/10, p4;
    • Boeing Bust: 11/98, p6; 6/09, p1-2; 3/10, p1; 6/10, p2;
    • causes of: 6/17, p2-3;
    • causes of 2001-03: 2/02, p1-3; 12/02, p1-2;
    • comparison of 1981-82 recession with 2001-03: 11/01, p2-3; 6/02, p1-2;
    • course of: 3/09, p1; 6/09, p1-2;
    • definition of: 12/12, p1;
    • Dot-Com Bust: 3/10, p2; 6/10, p3; 3/16, p1;
    • double-dip: 9/02, p1-3;
    • economic policies to combat: 3/09, p3;
    • fear and: 3/09, p2;
    • forecasting: 3/08, p1-3; 3/09, p1; 6/09, p2; 12/09, p1; 12/09, p6;
    • Great Recession: 3/10, p2-3; 12/10, p1-2; 12/12, p1-2;
    • jobless recovery from: 3/04, p1-2;
    • life of: 12/12, p1-2;
    • measuring regional: 2/01, p2; 6/09, p1;
    • Michigan:
      • and auto industry: 3/08, p6;
      • causes of: 3/08, p6;
    • nature of: 2/01, p1-2; 3/09, p1; 6/09, p1-2;
    • reasons for: 3/04, p1-2;
    • recovery from 1969-71: 9/04, p1; 6/10, p1; 6/10, p2; 3/12, p3;
    • recovery from 1981-82: 6/10, p1; 6/10, p2-3; 3/11, p2; 3/12, p3;
    • recovery from 2001-03: 6/02, p1-3; 9/04, p1-3; 6/06, p1-3; 3/08, p2; 6/10, p1; 6/10, p3; 3/12, p3;
    • recovery from 2008-10: 12/10, 1-3; 3/11, p1-3; 3/12, p3; 12/12, p1;
    • shocks and: 3/08, p1-2;
    • signs of: 8/01, p1;
  • Region:
    • definition of: 6/07, p1;
    • economic structure of:
      • employment and income: 6/15, p6;
      • home prices and apartment rent: 6/15, p6;
      • population: 6/15, p6;
    • Puget Sound: 6/07, p1;
      • socio-economic characteristics: 3/12, p6;
  • Retail sales:
    • and Boeing downturn: 11/99, p4;
    • and debt: 3/12, p4;
    • and disposable income: 12/11, p3;
    • and economic growth: 11/96, p4;
    • and employment growth: 6/06, p4;
    • and gasoline prices: 3/15, p4; 6/15, p4; 6/16, p4;
    • and Great Recession: 9/10, p4; 12/10, p4;
    • and housing market: 3/07, p4;
    • and income growth: 2/98, p4; 5/99, p4; 6/13, p4;
    • and net migration: 6/06, p4;
    • and taxable retail sales: 3/06, p4;
    • and uncertainty: 9/12, p4;
    • and use of credit: 12/12, p4;
    • automobile price discounts and: 2/02, p4; 12/05, p4;
    • behavior of taxable: 3/05, p4;
    • consumer confidence and: 6/03, p4;
    • data revisions: 6/05, p4;
    • e-commerce: 6/04, p4;
    • effect of debt burden on: 5/97, p4;
    • effect of interest rates on: 7/94, p4; 11/94, p4; 5/97, p4; 5/01, p4; 8/01, p4; 3/04, p4;
    • effect of tax cuts on: 8/01, p4;
    • effect of trend and cyclical factors on: 6/08, p4; 6/14, p4; 3/17, p4;
    • effect of unemployment rate on: 5/01, p4;
    • estimating Puget Sound: 12/12, p6;
    • factors affecting: 12/93, p4; 2/00, p4; 3/14, p4;
    • factors affecting automobile: 2/99, p4;
    • factors affecting building materials: 3/07, p4;
    • factors affecting furniture and electronics: 11/01, p4; 3/07, p4;
    • factors affecting recovery of: 9/09, p4;
    • history of: 9/15, p4;
    • holiday: 11/00, p4;
    • home prices and: 9/07, p4;
    • housing market and: 6/08, p4;
    • impact of Boeing strike on: 11/95, p4;
    • impact of fiscal policy on: 3/08, p4;
    • impact of recession on: 9/02, p4;
    • income elasticity: 11/94, p4;
    • judgment in forecasting: 12/14, p4;
    • long-term prospects for: 9/14, p4;
    • NAICS code: 9/05, p4;
    • non-housing related: 9/07, p4;
    • Puget Sound and U.S.: 12/04, p4;
    • real: 9/12, p4;
    • relation to personal income: 12/04, p4;
    • volatility of: 12/05, p4; 6/14, p4;
  • Seasonality:
    • adjusting for: 9/10, p6;
    • and home sales: 9/10, p6;
  • Sequester:
    • and deficit: 3/13, p2;
    • impact of: 3/13, p1-3;
  • Services producing industries:
    • and goods producing industries: 6/06, p6;
    • annual wages: 6/06, p6;
    • diversity of: 6/06, p6;
    • employment in: 6/06, p6;
    • growth rates: 6/06, p6;
    • role in regional economy:
      • basic industries: 6/06, p6;
      • nonbasic industries: 6/06, p6;
  • Snohomish County:
    • and 2001-03 recession: 6/03, p3; 3/05, p3;
    • Boeing impact on: 5/97, p3; 11/99, p3; 6/07, p3;
    • commuter impact: 6/07, p3;
    • defense spending: 4/94, p6;
    • economic diversification: 5/97, p3;
    • economy: 4/94, p2-3; 11/95, p3; 5/97, p3; 11/99, p3; 6/03, p3; 6/04, p3; 6/07, p3;
    • long-range forecast: 9/06, p3-4;
  • South Carolina:
    • competitive advantage of: 3/10, p6;
    • economic characteristics of: 3/10, p6;
    • impact of 787 plant: 3/10, p6;
  • Sports (professional):
    • and economic development: 3/07, p6;
    • as public good: 3/07, p6;
    • economic impact of: 3/07, p6;
    • public subsidy of: 3/07, p6;
  • State and local government:
    • cyclical nature of: 6/06, p3;
    • finances: 12/15, p6;
  • Stock market:
    • and recessions: 3/07, p1-2;
    • crashes:
      • Black Monday: 3/07, p1-2;
      • characteristics of: 3/07, p2;
      • dot-com bust: 3/07, p1-2;
  • Tax structure:
    • comparison of Washington, Oregon, and California: 9/09, p6;
    • desired characteristics of:
      • adequacy: 6/09, p6; 9/09, p6;
      • competitiveness: 9/09, p6;
      • fairness: 6/09, p6; 9/09, p6;
      • stability: 6/09, p6; 9/09, p6;
      • tax lid: 9/09, p6;
    • U.S. state and local: 6/09, p6;
    • Washington state and local:
      • characteristics of: 3/15, p6;
      • reform: 3/15, p6;
      • state rank: 3/15, p6;
  • Taxable retail sales:
    • adequacy of: 9/06, p6; 6/09, p6; 12/09, p2-3; 9/15, p6;
    • and construction: 9/16, p4;
    • and consumer spending: 9/08, p4;
    • county forecasts of: 9/06, p4;
    • coverage of: 9/06, p6;
    • factors affecting: 6/09, p4; 3/11, p4; 9/15, p6; 6/17, p4;
    • forecasting: 9/15, p6;
    • income elasticity: 9/06, p6; 6/09, p6; 9/15, p6;
    • regressiveness of: 6/09, p6;
    • trends and cycles: 3/10, p4; 9/15, p6;
    • volatility of: 9/06, p4; 9/06, p6; 6/09, p6; 12/09, p2; 9/15, p6;
  • Taxes:
    • and economic growth: 5/00, p6;
    • burden of: 5/00, p6;
    • dependence on sales: 9/06, p6;
    • state comparison of: 5/00, p6;
  • Trade:
    • domestic:
      • impact of: 11/96, p1;
      • importance of: 2/95, p1; 3/08, p2;
    • international:
      • and value of dollar: 3/04, p6; 6/05, p2-3; 3/08, p3;
      • boom of 1980s: 3/04, p6;
      • debate: 11/99, p6;
      • early history of: 5/97, p6;
      • growth: 5/97, p6;
      • impact of: 12/93, p6; 5/97, p6; 11/99, p6; 12/11, p2;
      • importance of: 11/99, p6;
      • inadequacy of statistics: 11/99, p6;
      • major commodities and services: 12/93, p6; 5/95, p6; 5/97, p6; 5/99, p3;
      • major markets: 12/93, p6; 5/97, p6;
      • prospects for: 12/93, p6;
      • relation to Gross Regional Product: 5/95, p6;
      • to APEC countries: 5/95, p6;
      • to developed and developing countries: 5/95, p6;
      • value of: 5/95, p6;
  • Turning points:
    • county: 6/04, p3;
    • multiple: 6/04, p2;
    • nature of: 6/04, p1-2;
  • Uncertainty:
    • and forecasting: 9/12, p1-3; 6/16, p1-3;
    • and mixed messages: 6/16, p1-2;
    • Blue Chip measure of: 9/12, p2;
  • Unemployment:
    • and discouraged workers: 3/10, p2;
    • economic behavior of: 6/08, p6;
    • migration and: 7/94, p6;
    • relation to U.S. unemployment: 7/94, p6;
  • Unemployment rate:
    • by age: 9/12, p6;
    • by educational attainment: 9/12, p6;
    • by race: 9/12, p6;
    • by sex: 9/12, p6;
    • by veteran status: 9/12, p6;
    • definition of: 9/12, p6;
    • measuring the: 9/12, p6;
    • shortcomings of: 3/11, p1-2; 9/12, p6;
  • United States:
    • economic regions:
      • characteristics of: 12/14, p6;
      • growth of: 12/14, p6;
    • socio-economic characteristics: 3/12, p6;
  • War:
    • impact of: 3/03, p1-2;
    • impact of Iraq: 3/03, p2-3;
    • impact on retail sales: 3/03, p4;
  • Washington state:
    • economy:
      • conditions in: 5/96, p6;
      • growth of: 5/96, p6;
      • regional differences in: 5/96, p6;
    • rural counties:
      • dependence on natural resources: 8/98, p6;
      • economic development policies for: 8/98, p6;
      • in distress: 8/98, p6;
    • socio-economic characteristics: 3/12, p6;
    • two Washingtons:
      • competition between: 6/13, p1-2;
      • economic characteristics of: 6/13, p1-3;
      • growth of: 6/13, p2-3;
      • industrial structure: 6/13, p1-2;